Incidence of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Experiences in Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trials Lasting up to 10 Nights (Percentage of patients reporting) Body System/ Adverse Event* Zolpidem (≤10 mg) (N=685) Placebo (N=473) Central and Peripheral Nervous System Headache 7 6 Drowsiness 2 - Dizziness 1 - Gastrointestinal System Diarrhea 1 - *Reactions reported by at least 1% of patients treated with AMBIEN and at a greater frequency than placebo.
Central and peripheral nervous system:
Reproductive system:. Infrequent: arthritis. Frequent: arthralgia, myalgia. Rare: arthrosis, muscle weakness, sciatica, tendinitis.
Infrequent: anorexia, constipation, dysphagia, flatulence, gastroenteritis, vomiting. Rare: enteritis, eructation, esophagospasm, gastritis, hemorrhoids, intestinal obstruction, rectal hemorrhage, tooth caries. Frequent: dyspepsia, hiccup, nausea.
Rare: angina pectoris, arrhythmia, arteritis, circulatory failure, extrasystoles, hypertension aggravated, myocardial infarction, phlebitis, pulmonary embolism, pulmonary edema, varicose veins, ventricular tachycardia. Infrequent: cerebrovascular disorder, hypertension, tachycardia.
AMBIEN has been shown to decrease sleep latency for up to 35 days in controlled clinical studies. AMBIEN (zolpidem tartrate) is indicated for the short-term treatment of insomnia characterized by difficulties with sleep initiation.
Treatment-emergent adverse events associated with clinical trial participation were recorded by clinical investigators using terminology of their own choosing. To provide a meaningful estimate of the proportion of individuals experiencing treatment-emergent adverse events, similar types of untoward events were grouped into a smaller number of standardized event categories and classified utilizing a modified World Health Organization (WHO) dictionary of preferred terms. AMBIEN was administered to,660 subjects in clinical trials throughout the U.S., Canada, and Europe.
Immunologic system:. Rare: anemia, hyperhemoglobinemia, leukopenia, lymphadenopathy, macrocytic anemia, purpura, thrombosis.
Reactions most commonly associated with discontinuation from these trials were daytime drowsiness (1.1%), dizziness/ vertigo (0.8%), amnesia (0.5%), nausea (0.5%), headache (0.4%), and falls (0.4%). trials were daytime drowsiness (0.5%), dizziness (0.4%), headache (0.5%), nausea (0.6%), and vomiting (0.5%). Approximay 4% of 1,701 patients who received zolpidem at all doses (1.25 to 90 mg) in U.S. Reactions most commonly associated with discontinuation from U.S. Approximay 4% of 1,959 patients who received zolpidem at all doses (1 to 50 mg) in similar foreign trials discontinued treatment because of an adverse reaction. premarketing clinical trials discontinued treatment because of an adverse reaction.
AMBIEN 10 mg tablets are capsule-shaped, white, film coated, with AMB 10 debossed on one side and 5421 on the other and supplied as:
efficacy trials involving zolpidem in doses ranging from 1.25 to 20 mg. The table is limited to data from doses up to and including 10 mg, the highest dose recommended for use. The following table was derived from results of 11 placebo-controlled short-term U.S.
Physical dependence is a state of adaptation that is manifested by a specific withdrawal syndrome that can be produced by abrupt cessation, rapid dose reduction, decreasing blood level of the drug, and/or administration of an antagonist.
Adverse events are further classified within body system categories and enumerated in order of decreasing frequency using the following definitions: frequent adverse events are defined as those occurring in greater than 1/100 subjects; infrequent adverse events are those occurring in 1/100 to 1/1,000 patients; rare events are those occurring in less than 1/1,000 patients. Autonomic nervous system:.
Use of CYP3A4 inducers in combination with zolpidem may decrease the efficacy of zolpidem. Rifampin, a CYP3A4 inducer, significantly reduced the exposure to and the pharmacodynamic effects of zolpidem.
AMBIEN (zolpidem tartrate) Tablets.
Tolerance is a state of adaptation in which exposure to a drug induces changes that result in a diminution of one or more of the drug effects over time. Addiction is a primary, chronic, neurobiological disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. Tolerance may occur to both desired and undesired effects of drugs and may develop at different rates for different effects. It is characterized by behaviors that include one or more of the following: impaired control over drug use, compulsive use, continued use despite harm, and craving. Abuse and addiction are separate and distinct from physical dependence and tolerance. Drug addiction is a treatable disease, using a multidisciplinary approach, but relapse is common. Abuse is characterized by misuse of the drug for non-medical purposes, often in combination with other psychoactive substances.
home drugs a-z list side effects drug center ambien (zolpidem tartrate) drug.
Zolpidem may cause a severe allergic reaction. Stop taking zolpidem and get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
The clinical trials performed in support of efficacy were 4–5 weeks in duration with the final formal assessments of sleep latency performed at the end of treatment.
Rare: acne, bullous eruption, dermatitis, furunculosis, injection-site inflammation, photosensitivity reaction, urticaria. Special senses:. Infrequent: pruritus.
Infrequent: infection. Rare: abscess herpes simplex herpes zoster, otitis externa, otitis media.
After multiple doses of zolpidem tartrate and fluoxetine an increase in the zolpidem half-life (17%) was observed. There was no evidence of an additive effect in psychomotor performance.
Body as a whole:
AMBIEN 5 mg tablets are capsule-shaped, pink, film coated, with AMB 5 debossed on one side and 5401 on the other and supplied as:
Hematologic and lymphatic system:
Because persons with a history of addiction to, or abuse of, drugs or alcohol are at increased risk for misuse, abuse and addiction of zolpidem, they should be monitored carefully when receiving zolpidem or any other hypnotic.
Liver and biliary system:
Gastrointestinal system:. Rare: abnormal gait, abnormal thinking, aggressive reaction, apathy, appetite increased, decreased libido, delusion, dementia, depersonalization, dysphasia, feeling strange, hypokinesia, hypotonia, hysteria, intoxicated feeling, manic reaction, neuralgia, neuritis, neuropathy, neurosis, panic attacks, paresis, personality disorder, somnambulism, suicide attempts, tetany, yawning. Frequent: ataxia, confusion, euphoria, headache, insomnia, vertigo Infrequent: agitation, anxiety, decreased cognition, detached, difficulty concentrating, dysarthria, emotional lability, hallucination, hypoesthesia, illusion, leg cramps, migraine, nervousness, paresthesia, sleeping (after daytime dosing), speech disorder, stupor, tremor.
Zolpidem tartrate is a white to off-white crystalline powder that is sparingly soluble in water, alcohol, and propylene glycol. It has a molecular weight of 764.88.
Infrequent: edema, falling, fatigue, fever, malaise, trauma. Rare: allergic reaction, allergy aggravated, anaphylactic shock, face edema, hot flashes, increased ESR, pain, restless legs, rigors, tolerance increased, weight decrease. Frequent: asthenia. Cardiovascular system:.
NDC Number Size bottle of 100.
AMBIEN 10 mg tablets are capsule-shaped, white, film coated, with AMB 10 debossed on one side and 5421 on the other.
Data from a clinical study in which selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor ( SSRI )-treated patients were given zolpidem revealed that four of the seven discontinuations during double-blind treatment with zolpidem (n=95) were associated with impaired concentration, continuing or aggravated depression, and manic reaction; one patient treated with placebo (n =97) was discontinued after an attempted suicide.
Incidence of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Experiences in Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trials Lasting up to 35 Nights (Percentage of patients reporting) Body System/ Adverse Event* Zolpidem (≤10 mg) (N=152) Placebo (N=161) Autonomic Nervous System Dry mouth 3 1 Body as a Whole Allergy 4 1 Back Pain 3 2 Influenza-like symptoms 2 - Chest pain 1 - Cardiovascular System Palpitation 2 - Central and Peripheral Nervous System Drowsiness 8 5 Dizziness 5 1 Lethargy 3 1 Drugged feeling 3 - Lightheadedness 2 1 Depression 2 1 Abnormal dreams 1 - Amnesia 1 - Sleep disorder 1 - Gastrointestinal System Diarrhea 3 2 Abdominal pain 2 2 Constipation 2 1 Respiratory System Sinusitis 4 2 Pharyngitis 3 1 Skin and Appendages Rash 2 1 *Reactions reported by at least 1% of patients treated with AMBIEN and at a greater frequency than placebo.
Chemically, zolpidem is N,N,6-trimethyl-2-p-tolylimidazo pyridine-3-acetamide L-(+)-tartrate (2:1). It has the following structure:.
Dosage adjustment may be necessary when AMBIEN is combined with other CNS depressant drugs because of the potentially additive effects.
Musculoskeletal system:. Rare: gout, hypercholesteremia, hyperlipidemia, increased alkaline phosphatase, increased BUN, periorbital edema. Infrequent: hyperglycemia, thirst.
The frequencies presented, therefore, represent the proportions of the 3,660 individuals exposed to zolpidem, at all doses, who experienced an event of the type cited on at least one occasion while receiving zolpidem. It is important to emphasize that, although the events reported did occur during treatment with AMBIEN, they were not necessarily caused by it. All reported treatment-emergent adverse events are included, except those already listed in the table above of adverse events in placebo-controlled studies, those coding terms that are so general as to be uninformative, and those events where a drug cause was remote.
These trials involved patients with chronic insomnia who were treated for 28 to 35 nights with zolpidem at doses of 5, 10, or 15 mg. The table is limited to data from doses up to and including 10 mg, the highest dose recommended for use. The following table was derived from results of three placebo-controlled long-term efficacy trials involving AMBIEN (zolpidem tartrate). The table includes only adverse events occurring at an incidence of at least 1% for zolpidem patients.
The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of AMBIEN. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.
The recommended initial doses for women and men are different because zolpidem clearance is lower in women.
AMBIEN is available in 5 mg and 10 mg strength tablets for oral administration. Tablets are not scored.
The recommended initial dose is 5 mg for women and either 5 or 10 mg for men, taken only once per night immediay before bedtime with at least 7–8 hours remaining before the planned time of awakening. If the 5 mg dose is not effective, the dose can be increased to 10 mg. The total dose of AMBIEN should not exceed 10 mg once daily immediay before bedtime. Ambien should be taken as a single dose and should not be readministered during the same night. In some patients, the higher morning blood levels following use of the 10 mg dose increase the risk of next day impairment of driving and other activities that require full alertness. Use the lowest effective dose for the patient.
The following serious adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail in other sections of the labeling:
Concomitant administration of zolpidem and sertraline increases exposure to zolpidem.
Report any new or worsening symptoms to your doctor, such as: depression, anxiety, aggression, agitation, confusion, unusual thoughts, hallucinations, memory problems, changes in personality, risk-taking behavior, decreased inhibitions, no fear of danger, or thoughts of suicide or hurting.
Elderly or debilitated patients may be especially sensitive to the effects of zolpidem tartrate. The recommended dose of AMBIEN in these patients is 5 mg once daily immediay before bedtime [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS, Use In Specific Populations ].
Store at controlled room temperature 20°–25°C (68°–77°F).
AMBIEN (zolpidem tartrate) is a gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A agonist of the imidazopyridine class and is available in 5 mg and 10 mg strength tablets for oral administration.
During short-term treatment (up to 10 nights) with AMBIEN at doses up to 10 mg, the most commonly observed adverse reactions associated with the use of zolpidem and seen at statistically significant differences from placebo-treated patients were drowsiness (reported by 2% of zolpidem patients), dizziness (1%), and diarrhea (1%). During longer-term treatment (28 to 35 nights) with zolpidem at doses up to 10 mg, the most commonly observed adverse reactions associated with the use of zolpidem and seen at statistically significant differences from placebo-treated patients were dizziness (5%) and drugged feelings (3%).
The effect of AMBIEN may be slowed by ingestion with or immediay after a meal.
The following adverse events which are considered to meet the DSM -III-R criteria for uncomplicated sedative/ hypnotic withdrawal were reported during U.S. These reported adverse events occurred at an incidence of 1% or less. However, available data cannot provide a reliable estimate of the incidence, if any, of dependence during treatment at recommended doses. clinical trials following placebo substitution occurring within 48 hours following last zolpidem treatment: fatigue, nausea, flushing, lightheadedness, uncontrolled crying, emesis, stomach cramps, panic attack, nervousness, and abdominal discomfort. Sedative /hypnotics have produced withdrawal signs and symptoms following abrupt discontinuation. Post-marketing reports of abuse, dependence and withdrawal have been received. These reported symptoms range from mild dysphoria and insomnia to a withdrawal syndrome that may include abdominal and muscle cramps, vomiting, sweating, tremors, and convulsions.
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Infrequent: cystitis, urinary incontinence. Frequent: urinary tract infection. Rare: acute renal failure, dysuria, micturition frequency, nocturia, polyuria, pyelonephritis, renal pain, urinary retention.
Studies of abuse potential in former drug abusers found that the effects of single doses of zolpidem tartrate 40 mg were similar, but not identical, to diazepam 20 mg, while zolpidem tartrate 10 mg was difficult to distinguish from placebo.
The effect of drugs that induce or inhibit other P450 enzymes on the exposure to zolpidem is not known. Some compounds known to induce or inhibit CYP3A may affect exposure to zolpidem.
Liver and biliary system: acute hepatocellular, cholestatic or mixed liver injury with or without jaundice (i.e., bilirubin >2×ULN, alkaline phosphatase ≥2×ULN, transaminase ≥5×ULN).
Frequent: diplopia, vision abnormal. Rare: conjunctivitis, corneal ulceration, lacrimation abnormal, parosmia, photopsia. Urogenital system:. Infrequent: eye irritation, eye pain, scleritis, taste perversion, tinnitus.
However, the cited figures provide the physician with a basis for estimating the relative contribution of drug and nondrug factors to the incidence of side effects in the population studied. Similarly, the cited frequencies cannot be compared with figures obtained from other clinical investigators involving related drug products and uses, since each group of drug trials is conducted under a different set of conditions. The prescriber should be aware that these figures cannot be used to predict the incidence of side effects in the course of usual medical practice, in which patient characteristics and other factors differ from those that prevailed in these clinical trials. Events reported by investigators were classified utilizing a modified World Health Organization (WHO) dictionary of preferred terms for the purpose of establishing event frequencies. The following tables enumerate treatment-emergent adverse reactions frequencies that were observed at an incidence equal to 1% or greater among patients with insomnia who received zolpidem tartrate and at a greater incidence than placebo in U.S. placebo-controlled trials.
Zolpidem tartrate was evaluated in healthy volunteers in single-dose interaction studies for several CNS drugs. Concomitant use of zolpidem with these drugs may increase drowsiness and psychomotor impairment, including impaired driving ability. Co-administration of zolpidem with other CNS depressants increases the risk of CNS depression.
NDC Number Size bottle of 100 bottle of 500.
Similarly, chlorpromazine in combination with zolpidem produced no pharmacokinetic interaction, but there was an additive effect of decreased alertness and psychomotor performance. Imipramine in combination with zolpidem produced no pharmacokinetic interaction other than a 20% decrease in peak levels of imipramine, but there was an additive effect of decreased alertness.
The lack of a drug interaction following single-dose administration does not predict the absence of an effect following chronic administration. A study involving haloperidol and zolpidem revealed no effect of haloperidol on the pharmacokinetics or pharmacodynamics of zolpidem.
Frequent: upper respiratory infection, lower respiratory infection. Infrequent: bronchitis, coughing, dyspnea, rhinitis. Skin and appendages:. Rare: bronchospasm, respiratory depression, epistaxis, hypoxia, laryngitis, pneumonia.
Rare: abnormal accommodation, altered saliva, flushing, glaucoma, hypotension, impotence, increased saliva, tenesmus. Infrequent: increased sweating, pallor, postural hypotenson, syncope.
Metabolic and nutritional:. Infrequent: abnormal hepatic function, increased SGPT. Rare: bilirubinemia, increased SGOT.
Zolpidem tartrate is classified as a Schedule IV controlled substance by federal regulation.
There is evidence from dose comparison trials suggesting a dose relationship for many of the adverse reactions associated with zolpidem use, particularly for certain CNS and gastrointestinal adverse events.
Avoid AMBIEN use in patients with severe hepatic impairment as it may contribute to encephalopathy [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS, Use In Specific Populations, CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY ]. The recommended dose of AMBIEN in these patients is 5 mg once daily immediay before bedtime. Patients with mild to moderate hepatic impairment do not clear the drug as rapidly as normal subjects.
40, iron oxide colorant, and polysorbate 80. The 5 mg tablet also contains FD&C Red No. Each AMBIEN tablet includes the following inactive ingredients: hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, lactose, magnesium stearate, micro- crystalline cellulose, polyethylene glycol, sodium starch glycolate, and titanium dioxide.
Rare: breast fibroadenosis, breast neoplasm, breast pain. Respiratory system:. Infrequent: menstrual disorder, vaginitis.
Ketoconazole, a potent CYP3A4 inhibitor, increased the exposure to and pharmacodynamic effects of zolpidem. Consideration should be given to using a lower dose of zolpidem when a potent CYP3A4 inhibitor and zolpidem are given together.
An additive adverse effect on psychomotor performance between alcohol and oral zolpidem was demonstrated.
AMBIEN 5 mg tablets are capsule-shaped, pink, film coated, with AMB 5 debossed on one side and 5401 on the other.
Distributed by: sanofi-aventis U.S. LLC, Bridgewater, NJ 08807. Revised: Dec 2016.Ambien